Letter to Laodicea

A New Status (2011) (11″ x 14″)
collage and acrylic on canvas
The church at Laodicea is promised, in Revelation 3:21, “a place with me on my throne.” This idea is illustrated using a former royal couple as an example.

Letter to Ephesus

New Food (2012) (11″ x 14″)
acrylic and collage on canvas

The eating of food is a structurally important concept in the Book of Revelation, appearing in the first of the seven letters in Rev. 2-3 as a promise of eating from the tree of life and in the seventh letter as an invitation to eat with Jesus. Two further references to the tree of life similarly bracket the final vision of Rev. 22.

Letter to Pergamum

A New Name (2011) (11″ x14″)
collage and acrylic on canvas
In Revelation 2:12-17, Jesus writes to the church at Pergamum, “where Satan’s throne is.”  This may refer to the huge altar of Zeus, which may be seen today in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.
The cryptic promises given to this church include hidden manna and a white stone with a new name written on it. The latter may be a personalized name given to each believer or a new name for God, revealing more fully his character. 

Letter to Thyatira

New Power (2012) (11″ x 14″)
collage on canvas
The promise given to the church at Thyatira is to “give authority over the nations; to rule them with an iron rod, as when clay pots are shattered.” (Revelation 2:26-27)

Letter to Sardis: Part 2

New Clothes (2012) (11″ x 14″)
collage and acylic on canvas
Each of the seven churches in Revelation 2-3 is given a promise, contingent upon their future behavior. For Sardis it is the wearing of white robes. There are other groups in the book who wear white rainment, a symbol of purity:
     Rev. 3:18    the congregation at Laodicea if they repent
     Rev. 4:4      the 24 elders in heaven
     Rev. 6:11    the Christian martyrs
     Rev. 7:9      the multitude of saved in heaven
     Rev. 19:14   Christ himself

Letter to Sardis: Part 1

Letter to a Dead Church (2011) (12″ x 12″)
collage and acrylic on canvas board

This letter, found in Revelation 3:1-6, ends as do the other six letters in Rev. 2-3 with the solemn statement: “Let anyone who has an ear listen to what the Spirit is saying to the churches.”  This idea is literally rendered above along with images of the dead or sleeping congregation at Sardis.

The City: Part 5 (Babylon)

Babylon (2013) (14″ x 11″)
acrylic and collage on hardboard

Before making way for the New Jerusalem, God first destroys a city that is the epitome of mankind’s lust for economic gain. It is symbolically called Babylon and its downfall is poetically described in Revelation 17-18.

The City: Part 4 (Sodom)

Sodom (2013) (14″ x 11″)
acrylic and collage on hardboard

Genesis 19 shows God’s judgment on a city whose name has become synonymous with sin, with various schools of thought defining that sin as lack of hospitality, attempted rape or homosexuality.

The City: Part 3 (Jerusalem)

Revelation 11:7-10 is an interesting passage in that it appears to conflate a number of cities into one identity. Jerusalem is called allegorically Sodom and Egypt. It becomes the city where Jesus was killed, sin ruled, and the Jews were held in captivity. This is the epitome of all that is evil in the power called “the city.” Jacques Ellul has much to say about this in his seminal book “The Meaning of the City.”

Jerusalem (2013) (14″ x 11″)
acrylic and collage on hardboard