Jude 14-16

Jude 14-16 (1984) (3 1/2″ x 5″)
collage on paper

These verses are intriguing in that Jude quotes from the non-canonical Book of Enoch. This does not mean that we should consider that book equal to the accepted scriptures, merely that Jude found one verse in the book useful in emphasizing his point that judgment from God will come eventually on ungodly people.

Jude 12-13

Jude 12-13 (1984) (3 1/2″ x 5″)
collage on paper
Jude continues his description of the evildoers in the church with a series of striking metaphors drawn from nature: waterless clouds, trees without fruit, wild waves, and wandering stars. Their destiny is the “deepest darkness.”

Jude 10-12

Jude 10-12 (1984) (3 1/2″ x 5″)
collage on paper

Jude continues his diatribe against those who would pervert the cause of Christ by comparing them to the prophet Balaam who was in it only for the money, Cain with his jealous anger, and Korah who arrogantly led a rebellion against Moses.

Jude 9

Jude 9 (1984) (3 1/2″ x 5″)
collage on paper
This intriguing verse alludes to non-biblical Old Testament event in which the archangel Michael and Satan disputed over the body of Moses. Satan’s contention, according to the apocryphal Assumption of Moses, was that Moses was unworthy of saving since he was a murderer. Fortunately for Moses as well as for all of us flawed sinners, it is God’s grace that ultimately counts, not our own works.

Jude 7-8

 Jude 7-8 (1984) (3 1/2″ x 5″)
collage on paper

The example of Sodom and Gomorrah is given by Jude as an example of those deserving the punishment of eternal fire.

Jude 5-6

These verses are a harsh reminder that we cannot assume that our actions do not matter to God, even if we are God’s chosen people or his angels. Judgment comes in the end for all.

Jude 5-6 (1984) (3 1/2″ x 5″)
collage on paper

The Book of Jude

The first series of collages I did using only black-and-white images was on the Book of Jude. Most of the illustrations I used for their basis came from an early edition of Jules Verne’s book Hector Servadac. The only problem with these collages is that they ended up looking like straightforward pictures that I merely re-named, rather than collages pieced together with an average of about 6-8 pieces each. I later learned to mix black-and-white images with color photographs to emphasize the composite nature of the end result. Below is the first piece in the series:

Jude 1-4 (1984) (3 1/2″ x 5″)
collage on paper

Sad News

One of my earliest pieces was not based on any biblical passage but just on the general theme of someone receiving bad news. The technique I used was an experimental one in which I first glued sand on a pane of glass in the desired pattern and then painted the entire surface with oils. I was afraid that the paint and/or the sand would flake off, but I have had the picture hanging in various houses for over fifty years and it looks just like the day I painted it.

Sad News (1960) (11 1/2″ x 8 1/2″)
oil on sand and glass

The Tower of Babel

The story of the Tower of Babel is a powerful cautionary tale for any person or nation that tries to reach too far.  Although we are enabled and encouraged to push back the frontiers of knowledge, it is good to keep in mind the saying of Thomas a Kempis: “Man proposes, but God disposes.”

Tower (2013) (3′ x 2′)
acrylic and collage on canvas

Psalm 100

A Joyful Noise (2012) (12″ x 12″)
collage and acrylic on canvas

“Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all the earth.
Worship the LORD with gladness; come into his presence with singing.
Know that the LORD is God.
It is he that made us, and we are his;
we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture.
Enter into his gates with thanksgiving,
and his courts with praise.
Give thanks to him, bless his name.
For the LORD is good;
his steadfast love endures forever,
and his faithfulness to all generations.”